Polyquaternium-1 is a detergent-type preservative derived from BAK,also named as Polidronium Chloride,PQ-1.Polyquaternium-1 is formulated in the mid of 1980s by Alcon as a preservative for contact lens storage solutions.Nowadays,it is being increasingly used as a presverative in ophthalmic drops for glaucoma, artificial tear solutions and top cosmetic formuations.
Polyquaternium-1 is a cationic polymer prepared by the controlled polymerization of dimethylamine and bis-dichlorobutene, end capped with tris-b-Hydroxyethylamine.
Key Technical Parameters:
(1) 95~100% Solid:
|Appearance||Amber to dark brown solid|
|Water solubility||Full Soluble|
|Internal standard content||≥95%|
|Total Number of Aerobic Microbial Count(TAMC) cfu/g||<10³ cfu/g|
|Total Yeasts and Molds Count(TYMC) cfu/g||<10² cfu/g|
(2) 40% liquid :
|Appearance||Light yellow liquid|
|Water Solubility||100% Soluble|
|Total Aerobic Microbial Count(TAMC)||<1000cfu/g|
|Total Yeasts and Molds Count(TYMC)||<100 cfg/g|
Polyquaternium-1is an antimicrobial preservative, with higher antimicrobial effects and lower ocular irritation.used as bactericide in eye drops,soft lenses product and other ophalmic care products formulation.In skin care formulations,it can help to avoid or reduce the allergy and infection possibility.
*Antimicrobial for use in products targeting mucus membrane or other sensitive tissue
*Antimicrobial for use in dermatological applications and trans-dermal patch pharmaceuticals
*Antimicrobial for use as surface protection for medical devices
Polyquaternium-1 is a very safe preservative, which shows very low acute toxicity in rats.Polyquaternium-1 is slightly toxic orally (LD50> 4.47 ml/l at 40% active in rats). Polyquaternium-1 is not irritating to skin at 40%. The product is not a skin sensitizer and is non-mutagenic.